Millions of people in the United States are affected by mental illness each year. Many times, people are unaware they are experiencing a mental health illness, or do not know how to interact with someone who does. For this reason, it is important to be educated on the various types of mental illnesses.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 5 adults in the United States experiences mental illness each year. Additionally, 1 in 6 U.S. youth ages 6-17 experience a mental health illness each year. To make matters worse, suicide is the second leading cause among people ages 15 to 34. Everyone goes through something at one point or another in their lifetime. Knowing that something is wrong is the first step to recovery.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
People with OCD experience constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals or routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions. A common example is a person with an unreasonable fear of germs who constantly wash their hands.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is a condition that can develop following a traumatic and/or disturbing event, such as a sexual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event and tend to be emotionally numb.
These disorders also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme sadness to extreme happiness. The most common mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or panic, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person’s response is not appropriate for the situation and cannot be controlled, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
Impulse Control and Addiction Disorders
People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist urges or impulses that could be harmful to themselves or others. Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing), and compulsive gambling are examples of impulse control disorders. As for addiction disorders, alcohol and drug use are the most common. Often, people with these disorders become so involved with the objects of their addiction that they begin to ignore responsibilities and relationships.
People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or social relationships. Also, the person’s patterns of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society and are so rigid that they interfere with the person’s normal functioning. Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations (the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices) and delusions (false fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary). An example of psychotic disorders is Schizophrenia.
Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder are the most common eating disorders.
Importance of Early Intervention and Treatment
Chances are, you will know someone who will experience a mental illness at some point during your life; you may even experience a mental illness yourself. Fortunately, there is a way to get help. Accelerated Resolution Therapy®(ART) is a new type of therapy available to help those suffering from a wide variety of mental health disorders or illnesses.
Accelerated Resolution Therapy®(ART), more specifically, is an innovative, evidence-based therapy for PTSD, anxiety, depression, stress, and similar mental health issues. Initially, the therapy was primarily used to help veterans suffering from PTSD. One of the major advantages is the speed at which ART is able to bring relief. Generally, only one to five sessions are needed, not months or years of expensive psychiatric treatment.
Accelerated Resolution Therapy works by reprogramming the traumatic memories that are preventing a person from enjoying the full life they deserve. The therapy works equally well on anyone suffering from trauma, regardless of the type of trauma experienced. Trauma, at the end of the day, is still trauma.
Intervene as soon as possible on behalf of someone suffering from a mental illness. Uncharacteristic behavior can become increasingly destructive. Over time, buried and suppressed memories become more and more powerful. Regardless of how bad things may be, there is always hope, and there is always someone available to help a person through difficult times. Contact ART International to learn more about ART or find a therapist that is able to provide the therapy.